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Agile vs sprints (vs Jira vs GitHub): A profusion of terms

Our team uses an agile Sprint workflow in Jira and GitHub to manage our work. We've further divided our team into squads to simplify planning and improve accountability.

All those words are pretty inconsistent in their usage, so let's break them down further.


People use agile to mean everything from a specific system of work (which we call sprints), to just "moving fast, preferably in a way that lets me bend things to my whims."

Luckily, we don't need to define it from scratch. Wikipedia does an admirable job defining it:

Agile software development is an approach to software development under which requirements and solutions evolve through the collaborative effort of self-organizing and cross-functional teams and their customer(s)/end user(s). It advocates adaptive planning, evolutionary development, empirical knowledge, and continual improvement, and it encourages rapid and flexible response to change.

For our team, that means our process is optimized to ship early and often. This lets us respond swiftly to changes in the product roadmap. More importantly, it ensures we validate our solutions with stakeholders, and that we're not letting valuable work sit around and get moldy when it could be out in the world making our users' lives better.

Sprint (or scrum)

This is the particular flavor of agile we follow. The sprint system (often referred to as scrum) is one major approach to Agile, along with other Agile systems such as Kanban. Sprint systems are often accompanied by a lot of jargon and best practices, but for our team the most essential elements are:

  • Working in strict timeboxes (two weeks in our case)
  • Planning that sprint in advance, and not changing the scope of the sprint (much) once it starts
  • Expecting all team members to contribute to making the sprint a success

The video Agile Product Ownership in a Nutshell (18 minutes) is an excellent resource for learning about sprint methodology. The Kindle book Scrum: a Breathtakingly Brief and Agile Introduction is also a great read that you can get through in a short afternoon.

For more on the "why" of Sprint as our chosen methodology, see Key agile principles. And for more on the "how," see Sprint workflow.

Jira and GitHub issues

Jira and GitHub issues are the tools we use to manage our Agile workflow. If you remember one thing about them, it should be this: using Jira or GitHub issues is not the same as having an agile workflow. They're powerful tools for tracking work and managing a backlog, but the most important part of project management is the structure we impose on that tool.

Jira is for sprint work. Sprints are where roadmap docs get written, monthly commits get delivered, and deeper research percolates. We have a backlog, board, and future sprint list in Jira that help us track what people want, what's coming up, and what we're working on now. For more on the mechanics of how we use Jira, see Sprint workflow and Jira boards and Ticket best practices.

We use GitHub projects for hero work, customer-reported issues, and managing the flow of PRs and edits. The Docs PRs and Issues board contains everything we're actively working on in GitHub. We'll often connect work in GitHub back to Jira by putting a Jira issue key in the PR or issue title (DOC-1234, for example). For more on the mechanics of how we use GitHub, see Managing the GitHub boards.

Teams and squads

Our team is the Tech Docs team. We're collectively responsible for docs.newrelic.com and sundry writing content. Our team is further divided into multiple agile squads.

We divide the team into squads for a few reasons:

  • Connect individual writers to larger team priorities.
  • Shorter, more focused meetings.
  • Improve collaboration: The more people you have in a group, the more lines of communication are needed (see illustration).

Each squad is responsible for its own grooming and sprint planning, but the managers coordinate to ensure we're meeting our overall goals as a team.

Key agile principles →
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