Information about Trace API data requirements, including:
- Data specifications and max limits
- Required metadata (headers, query parameters)
- Response validation details
This document applies to the entire Trace API. For rules regarding specific data formats, see:
Endpoint details and maximum limits
All trace data is sent via a POST to:
If your account hosts data in the EU data center, ensure you're using the proper API endpoints for EU region accounts.
Currently, the Trace API accepts two types of data formats:
zipkin: For reporting Zipkin trace data. Zipkin data must be Zipkin JSON v2.
newrelic: For reporting all other trace data.
Data limits and rules:
|Max age of span
|Max payload size||1MB (10^6 bytes) (gzip compression supported)|
|Max requests per minute||100K|
|Max spans per minute per account family||
Dependent on agreement. Max limit: 2M.
|Max spans per trace||50K|
|Max attributes per span||200|
|Max span attribute value length||4000 characters|
|Allowed HTTP protocols||HTTPS only|
|Cross-account visibility of span details||Potential data obfuscation|
To see an example of how span limits are enforced, see Exceeding limits.
The attributes in the table below are restricted in the
newrelic-format JSON (in the
attributes block) and in the
zipkin-format JSON (in the
tags block). Any values with these keys will be omitted:
Unique identifier for the entity that created this span. Generated from
Used for backwards compatibility with data from APM agents.
Request metadata (headers and query parameters)
The following table shows the required request metadata for all trace data formats. This metadata can be sent as HTTP headers on an ingest request or, in some cases, provided as query parameters, which may be required for tracing frameworks that don't allow header modification.
Security note: We suggest using headers because query parameters are present in the URL and may be logged before being encrypted and received by New Relic. All data sent as query parameters must be URL-safe.
||No||Required. Must be
||No||Required. The length of the request body in octets (8-bit bytes) unless sent with chunked encoding. This header is generally set by default by the underlying HTTP client sending the data and in most cases should not require any additional effort by the end user.|
||Yes (case-sensitive)||Required. The Trace API requires the Insert API key. If this is provided as both a header and a query parameter, the values must match.|
||No||Required if compressed payload. The value must be
There are only two possible pairings for these values:
Optional - Reserved for future use. The value must be a valid
A response for successfully sending trace data will include a
requestId. For example:
There are two ways success/errors are signaled:
HTTP status code (synchronous). Authentication and request errors will be signaled via HTTP status code.
- See HTTP status codes
Code Meaning 202 Data accepted. This means that you've passed preliminary checks, but is not a guarantee that the data has been successfully parsed and indexed as part of a distributed trace. 400 The structure of the request was invalid. Errors with query parameters, etc. 403 Authentication error. May occur with an invalid license key or if you lack necessary entitlement to use the Trace API. 404 The request path is incorrect. 405 For any request method other than POST. 408 The request took too long to reach the endpoint. 411 The Content-Length header wasn’t included. 413 The payload was too big. 414 The request URI was too long. 415 The Content-Type or Content-Encoding was invalid. 429 The request rate quota has been exceeded. 431 The request headers are too long. 5xx There was a server error (please retry).
NrIntegrationErrorevents (asynchronous). Errors with the JSON payload or other semantic errors are asynchronously signaled via
NrIntegrationErrorevents that are stored in the account whose license key is associated with the request. For all errors of this type, the attribute
requestIdwill be the
requestIdfrom the endpoint response.
If you receive a
202 response and don't see an
NrIntegrationError event, your data should be visible in New Relic One's global distributed tracing UI in about a minute. You should be able to find the trace using a standard trace search like:
traceId = TRACE_ID_SENT
Exceeding span limits
When you exceed your span rate limit, an
NrIntegrationError event is generated. You can query rate limit messages with this NRQL:
SELECT * FROM NrIntegrationError WHERE newRelicFeature = 'Distributed Tracing' AND category = 'RateLimit' AND rateLimitType = 'SpansPerMinute'
To get a notification when you exceed the limit, you can set up a NRQL alert.
We calculate a rolling 10-minute average based on your span rate limit. This allows for temporary rate bursts, and lets us prioritize keeping and dropping complete traces instead of indiscriminately dropping spans on a per minute limit basis.
In the example below of exceeding the rate, the rate limit is the default 100,000 spans per minute. New Relic allows a burst above 100K for a couple of minutes without downsampling, because the remaining minutes in the 10-minute window averaged under 100K spans/minute. For the previous 10 minutes (8:50 - 9:00) the service received 60,000 spans/minute.
|Minute||Spans sent to API||Total for past 10 minutes|